MCT8 - AHDS Foundation
Tissue-specific effects of mutations in the thyroid hormone transporter MCT8
Thyroid hormone (TH) is important for the development of different tissues, in particular the brain, as well as for the regulation of the metabolic activities of the tissues and thermogenesis throughout life. Most TH actions are initiated by binding of the active hormone 3,3’,5-triiodothyronine (T3) to its nuclear receptor. This induces an alteration in proteins associated with the transcription initiation complex, resulting in the stimulation or suppression of the expression of TH responsive genes.